Adam Smith: “It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest.” “Every individual…generally, indeed, neither intends to promote the public interest, nor knows how much he is promoting it. By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry he intends only his own security; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention.” “Man is an animal that makes bargains: no other animal does this – no dog exchanges bones with another.” “The real tragedy of the poor is the poverty of their aspirations”. “What can be added to the happiness of a man who is in health, out of debt, and has a clear conscience?” “The real price of everything, what everything really costs to the man who wants to acquire it, is the toil and trouble of acquiring it.” “Virtue is more to be feared than vice, because its excesses are not subject to the regulation of conscience.” “Such is the delicacy of man alone, that no object is produced to his liking. He finds that in everything there is need for improvement…. The whole industry of human life is employed not in procuring the supply of our three humble necessities, food, clothes and lodging, but in procuring the conveniences of it according to the nicety and delicacy of our tastes.” “This is one of those cases in which the imagination is baffled by the facts.” “As soon as the land of any country has all become private property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its natural produce.” “Humanity is the virtue of a woman, generosity that of a man.” “Consumption is the sole end and purpose of all production; and the interest of the producer ought to be attended to, only so far as it may be necessary for promoting that of the consumer.” “Labour was the first price, the original purchase – money that was paid for all things. It was not by gold or by silver, but by labour, that all wealth of the world was originally purchased.” “Science is the great antidote to the poison of enthusiasm and superstition.”
John Maynard Keynes: “The ideas of economists and political philosophers, both when they are right and when they are wrong, are more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed the world is ruled by little else. Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influence, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist.” “Ideas shape the course of history.” “The difficulty lies not so much in developing new ideas as in escaping from old ones.” “It is better to be roughly right than precisely wrong”. “In the long run, we’re all dead.” “Capitalism is the astounding belief that the most wickedest of men will do the most wickedest of things for the greatest good of everyone.”
“Between capitalist and communist society there lies the period of the revolutionary transformation of the one into the other. Corresponding to this is also a political transition period in which the state can be nothing but the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat.” (1875).
– “Without Revolutionary theory, there can be no Revolutionary Movement.”
– “Freedom in capitalist society always remains about the same as it was in ancient Greek republics: Freedom for slave owners.”
– “In the past, the country was in, one way or another, governed by the rich, or by the capitalists, but now for the first time, the country is being governed by the classes and moreover, by the masses of those classes which capitalism formerly oppressed.”
– “Despair is typical of those who do not understand the causes of evil, see no way out, and are incapable of struggle.”
– “A lie told often enough becomes the truth.”
– “Give me just one generation of youth, and I’ll transform the whole world.”
– “There are decades where nothing happens; and there are weeks where decades happen.”
– “Unity is a great thing and a great slogan. But what the workers’ cause needs is the unity of Marxists, not unity between Marxists, and opponents and distorters of Marxism.”
– “The best way to control the opposition is to lead it ourselves.”
– “Can a nation be free if it oppresses other nations? It cannot.”
– “It is more pleasant and useful to go through the ‘experience of the revolution’ than to write about it. ”
– “Sometimes – History needs a push”
– “One man with a gun can control 100 without one. … Make mass searches and hold executions for found arms.”
– “Medicine is the keystone of the arch of socialism”
– “The intellectual forces of the workers and peasants are growing and getting stronger in their fight to overthrow the bourgeoisie and their accomplices, the educated classes, the lackeys of capital, who consider themselves the brains of the nation. In fact they are not its brains but its shit.”
– “The goal of Socialism is Communism.” “Communism is Soviet power plus the electrification of the whole country.”
– “During the lifetime of great revolutionaries, the oppressing classes constantly hounded them, received their theories with the most savage malice, the most furious hatred and the most unscrupulous campaigns of lies and slander. After their death, attempts are made to convert them into harmless icons, to canonize them, so to say, and to hallow their names to a certain extent for the “consolation” of the oppressed classes and with the object of duping the latter, while at the same time robbing the revolutionary theory of its substance, blunting its revolutionary edge and vulgarizing it.” (The State and Revolution)
– “There are no morals in politics; the is only experience. A scoundrel may be of use because he is a scoundrel”
– “We are marching in a compact group along a precipitous and difficult path, firmly holding each other by the hand. We are surrounded on all sides by enemies, and we have to advance almost constantly under their fire. We have combined, by a freely adopted decision, for the purpose of fighting the enemy, and not of retreating into the neighbouring marsh, the inhabitants of which, from the very outset, have reproached us with having separated ourselves into an exclusive group and with having chosen the path of struggle instead of the path of conciliation. And now some among us begin to cry out: Let us go into the marsh! And when we begin to shame them, they retort: What backward people you are! Are you not ashamed to deny us the liberty to invite you to take a better road! Oh, yes, gentlemen! You are free not only to invite us, but to go yourselves wherever you will, even into the marsh. In fact, we think that the marsh is your proper place, and we are prepared to render you every assistance to get there. Only let go of our hands, don’t clutch at us and don’t besmirch the grand word freedom, for we too are “free” to go where we please, free to fight not only against the marsh, but also against those who are turning towards the marsh!” (What Is to Be Done?)
– “The way to crush the bourgeoisie is to grind them between the millstones of taxation and inflation.”
– “exchange, fair or unfair,always presupposes and includes the rule of the bourgeoisie.”
– “Human knowledge is not (or does not follow) a straight line, but a curve, which endlessly approximates a series of circles, a spiral. Any fragment, segment, section of this curve can be transformed (transformed one-sidedly) into an independent, complete, straight line, which then (if one does not see the wood for the trees) leads into the quagmire, into clerical obscurantism (where it is anchored by the class interests of the ruling classes).”
– March 18, 1921 at 10th Party Congress: “Marxism teaches us that only the political party of the working class, i.e. the Communist Party. is in a position to unite, educate, organise . . . and direct all sides of the proletarian movement and hence all the working masses. Without this the dictatorship of the proletariat is meaningless”. (“After two years of Soviet power we openly declared at the Communist International to the entire world that the dictatorship of the proletariat is possible only through the Communist Party. . . Despite all this, there are people ‘class conscious people, who tell us that ‘organising management of national economy belongs to the All-Russian Convention of Producers.’ An All-Russian Convention of Producers-what would that be? Should we waste our time on such oppositions within the party? It seems to me that we have had enough of this. All this talk of freedom of speech and freedom of criticism constitutes nine tenths of the meaning of the speeches of the ‘Workers Opposition,’ which in reality have no meaning at all…..The All-Russian Convention of Producers should manage production? I am really at loss when I try to characterise this jumble of words. But I am comforted by the thought that we have here party and soviet workers who have been engaging in revolutionary activities for the last one, two or three years, and it would be a mere waste of time to criticise such phrases before these comrades, for they themselves close discussion when they hear such speeches; these are boring and it shows a lack of seriousness when people talk about an All-Russian Convention of Producers which is to manage the national economy”. Lenin, Report on the Political Activity of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, 1921 (10th Party Congress).
– “Class political consciousness can be brought to workers only from without, that is, only from outside the sphere of relations between workers and employers” Lenin, Vol 5, p 422
– “the proletariat…is not in a position to create a party embracing the entire working class..” Lenin Vol 9 p363
– “The history of all countries shows that the working class, exclusively by its own effort, is able to develop only trade-union consciousness…” Lenin vol 5 p375
– “The organisational principle of revolutionary Social-Democracy…strives to proceed from the top downward, and upholds as extension of the rights and powers of the centre in relation to the parts”. Lenin Vol 7, p396-397
– “Obedience, and unquestioning obedience at that, during work to the one-man decisions of Soviet directors, of the dictators elected or appointed by Soviet institutions, vested with dictatorial powers.” Lenin, Six Theses on the Immediate Tasks of the Soviet Government, April/May 1918.
– “…those who believe that socialism will be built at a time of peace and tranquillity are profoundly mistaken: it will everywhere be built at a time of disruption, at a time of famine.” Lenin, Collected Works, Vol.27 page 517.
Ronald Reagan: “How do you tell a communist? Well, it’s someone who reads Marx and Lenin. And how do you tell an anti-Communist? It’s someone who understands Marx and Lenin.”
Anatoly Chubais: “Killing the private property-that was the center of the Marxist economy and Marxist ideology. That was the center of the Lenin ideology.”
Warren Beatty: “Lenin said that people vote with their feet. Well, that’s what’s happening. They either go, or they don’t go. It’s all politics. It’s all demographics.”
A. J. P. Taylor: “Lenin was the first to discover that capitalism ‘inevitably’ caused war; and he discovered this only when the First World War was already being fought. Of course he was right. Since every great state was capitalist in 1914.”
Daniel Yergin: “The Russians are turning east to the Chinese – to the Europeans’ surprise. It always seemed to me that the relationship between Russia and China would shift from being based in Marx and Lenin to being based in oil and gas.”
– In business, you don’t get what you deserve, you get what you negotiate.(Chester L. Karass).
– The fellow who says he’ll meet you halfway usually thinks he’s standing on the dividing line. (Orlando A. Battista).
– Let us never negotiate out of fear. But never let us fear to negotiate. (J.F. Kennedy)
– To be successful, you have to relate to people. (George Ross).
– Failing to plan is planning to fail.
(Do you agree with these quotes? Explain why. Give examples from your own experience. Why do we negotiate? Can you think of three reasons?) Tradlng through negotiations the basis of human civilization. Negotiation takes place
when two or more people have different views and want different things. They come together to try and reach agreement. The negotiator says in effect: ‘If you give me some of what I want, then I will give you some of what you want.’ We all negotiate for things each day. We arrange an appointment, ask for better service, ask for a higher salary or solve an argument with a co-worker or family member.